The 1998 agreement on the establishment of global technical rules for wheeled vehicles, equipment and parts that can be mounted and/or used on wheeled vehicles is a subsequent agreement. Following its mission to harmonize vehicle regulations, the EEC-UN resolved the main problems (administrative provisions relating to type reception against self-certification and mutual recognition of receptions) that prevented countries not signatories to the 1958 agreement from participating fully in their activities. 7.23W.29 is the responsibility of the EU. However, the EU and Member States have common rules on competences for the operation of the EEC-UN vehicle sector. The Lisbon Treaty sets out the EU`s procedures for interacting with international organisations and agreements and violates specific rules on EU participation in the two international motor vehicle conventions. 7.19198 the 1958 agreement was supplemented by the 1998 convention. The agreement was intended to facilitate trade between the world`s major regions, the United States, the EU and Japan, while relegating the growing new vehicle markets of China and India. The first signatories to the 1958 agreement included Italy (28 March), the Netherlands (30 March), Germany (19), France (26), Hungary (30 June), Sweden and Belgium. Initially, the agreement only allowed the participation of the ECEC member countries, but in 1995 the agreement was revised to allow the participation of non-MEMBERS of the ERC. Current participants include the European Union and its member countries, as well as non-EEC-UN countries such as Norway, Russia, Ukraine, Croatia, Serbia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Tunisia, and even remote regions such as South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea, Thailand and Malaysia. The 1959 agreement is based on the reception procedure.
An independent testing body is compiling a report to confirm the validation of the REQUIREMENTs of the UN-EEC. On this basis, an authority issues reception by type. As a result, the United States is in principle prohibited from adhering to the 1958 agreement. This is because the self-certification process used in the United States is not compatible with the type reception. This is why another agreement has been launched under the aegis of the United Nations, which is called the Global Technical Regulation under the 1998 EEC-UN Agreement (“Global Technical Rules for Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts That Can Be Mounted and/or Used on Wheeled Vehicles”). The agreement was signed by 33 countries, including some EU member states, the People`s Republic of China, South Korea and the United States of America. Most of the GTRs were transposed into the rules contained in the 1958 agreement, which accepted them by the signatory states of the agreement and implemented them through EEC regulations. In addition, some RGTs have been transposed into the national law of the states that signed the 1998 agreement. However, the 1998 agreement has an “innate flaw.” Under Article 7, the State party that votes in favour of establishing a specific RGEC is required to transpose its provisions into the national law of that contracting state.